All You Need To Know About  Solar-Powered Tricycle (Arton)

All You Need To Know About Solar-Powered Tricycle (Arton)

Have you ever been to an environment where they depend solely on Generators for power when you look at how chaotic and noisy the environment is it kind of give you a shiver and nostalgia, most times many people prefer the calm environment where there are no noise and everything is just cool-on, but you discovered that even if your environment is as noiseless at it seems the moment you step off that arena, you enter into a street encumbered by Noises of motorcycles and all other modes of Public transport now consider having to install relatively cheap technology on your own roof and power your house, gadgets and even your car. For free! Witchcraft? Not so much. The Earth receives more energy from our sun in about one hour than humans consume in an entire year. That’s why solar power is the second leading source of renewable energy in the world today.

In Nigeria today boarding a mass transit systems appears to be the only means of Transportation which on most cases is always noisy and of cause a high pollutant of the environment.

Solar Powered Tricycle

The Trycle you know (Keke napep) is designed for carrying up to 4 passengers and 5 passengers here in Onitsha and ferry hundreds of thousands of passengers in towns and cities across the country, mostly across short distances. They have provided jobs for thousands of tricycle drivers. But, they have two major problems

Noise Pollution and Air Pollution

This means of transport have been banned in countries such as India and Sri Lanka. Whilst India and Sri Lanka are using the force of law to outlaw the smoking rickshaws, many other countries are voluntarily replacing them with cleaner versions running on compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LPG).

Despite the fact that there are no attempts in Nigeria to either phase them out or enforce higher standards on them, we are planning to systematically bring a change to these situation by introducing tricycle which runs entirely on solar energy. The benefits are obvious:

It is clean and non-polluting with zero emissions, and also doesn’t need fuel, the cost of which has been rising in Nigeria.

It depends solely on Emissions from the sun. The solar powered tricycle branded as Arton is powered by renewable energy from the sun and does not make use of Premium Motor Spirit (Fuel) or Automotive Gas Oil (Diesel) or any form of refined Oil or Gas as a main or alternative source of power which according to the Engr Arthur is the first of its kind in Nigeria where the high cost of fuel and poor electricity supply is affecting the socio – economic development of the country.

The solar-powered tricycle does not just hold an advantage over its conventional counterpart in how clean it is – it also trumps it in terms of performance. Possessing a 200 amps battery with a lifetime of 3-5 years, the solar-powered tricycle can travel distances of up to 10 Miles on a single charge.

Our sun, Sol, is powered by nuclear fusion. It produces energy when hydrogen fuses into helium, according to Albert Einstein’s famous E=MC2equation. We can’t safely perform fusion on Earth yet, but we can harvest the energy produced by Sol’s fusion from pumps, collectors or photovoltaic (PV) solar panels. Such installations are referred to as “active solar.”

All of this translates into enormous cost savings for the tricycle operators: although a solar-powered tricycle costs N1, 000,000.00 compared to the conventional tricycle which costs about N650,000 if bought newly, the absence of fuelling costs and the lower maintenance costs far outweigh the cost difference between the two models.

If the government of the day decide to subsidize its production or having other corporation engaging in mass production of parts then this invention will compete effectively in times of Price with its predecessor the kekenapep

”A conventional tricycle operator makes about N9000 daily and spends about N3500 daily on fuel and tickets. He also spends about N40,000 annually on maintenance of his tricycle. When you take away the cost of fuelling and steep maintenance costs with the solar-powered tricycle, it gives him the power to earn up to N1,100,000 One million One Hundred Thousand yearly. This is almost the cost of a two new conventional tricycle,”

7000*20=140,000 per month if He works 20 days a month and 140,000*12 =1,680,000.00 One million six Hundred and Eighty thousand naira excluding his Daily ticket fee which varies depending on the clime

If the government of the day decide to subsidize its production or having other corporation engaging in mass production of parts then this invention will compete effectively in times of Price with its predecessor the kekenapep

Nigeria has identified transportation as one of the priority sectors for emissions reduction in its low carbon growth strategy called the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), which are part of the Paris Climate Agreement.

Although estimates for the number of tricycles in Nigeria are hard to come by, it is undeniable that a large-scale adoption of solar kekes or even complete replacement of conventional ones can go a long way in achieving these NDC targets.

Conventional auto rickshaws (also known as keke) run on dirty fuel which results in emissions that can lead to major health risks. The pollution from these tricycles can cause serious health problems like lung cancer and asthma, which could be a major public health issue for densely populated cities across Nigeria. India discovered this on time, therefore, in 1998, the country passed a law that allowed only auto rickshaws running on compressed natural gas (CNG) to operate. Studies have shown that this transition from petrol to CNG has led to a significant reduction of air pollutants in the cities.  Nigeria could emulate this example and yet take it a step further with the introduction of solar powered keke in order to cut emissions and improve air quality, which would indirectly reduce health cost significantly.

It is also encouraging that there are currently no regulations that will hamper the adoption of solar-powered tricycles. But governments can also encourage adoption through the use of deliberate policies:

For example, the use of conventional tricycles has grown in many states as a result of the banning of motorcycles for transport. In some of the states, the tricycles were subsidized by government. Similar subsidies can be given for the purchase of the solar-powered tricycle.

Also, the National Automotive Design and Development Council which is responsible for the development of a domestic car manufacturing industry and funded by a 2% auto duty collected on each imported car could give grants to cleaner modes of transport.

Nigeria will not be the first place where a solar-powered tricycle has debuted – a similar one was developed by a Spanish startup early this year, while a hybrid tricycle which runs on a combination of electric, solar and pedal power was developed as far back as 2014 in the United States.

However, neither of these solar-powered tricycle models has gotten widespread adoption, especially in regions and cities that use it most for mass transportation. Thus, it potentially puts Nigeria in the position of being the first country to use such an innovation on a wide scale and being a leader in adopting renewable energy technology for keke transportation.


  1. Great article!The Solar Power is considered as the new energy for us and it is green power for the environment. We should encourage more people using it in the life.

  2. The solar power is the perfect solution for the future.The use of solar power can control the level of pollution, as the process of generating electricity from sunlight cause no pollutants. 

  3. ___123___All You Need To Know About Solar-Powered Tricycle (Arton) – Arthur Energy Technology Ltd___123___

  4. great innovation i belive its time for the world to go green…

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